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Jordan Tourism Board

Amman, Jordan

General Information

Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is an Arab country in Southwest Asia. It gained it independence from Britain on May 25th, 1946. The capital city of Amman is in the north‑west. The kingdom’s official currency is the Jordanian Dinar. During its history, Jordan has seen numerous civilizations, including such ancient eastern civilizations as the Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Mesopotamian and Persian empires. Jordan was, for a time, part of Pharaonic Egypt, and spawned the native Nabatean civilization who left rich archaeological remains at Petra. Cultures from the west also left their mark, such as the Macedonian, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman Turkish empires. Since the seventh century the area has been under Muslim and Arab cultures. The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a constitutional monarchy with representative government. The reigning monarch is the head of state, the chief executive and the commander‑in‑chief of the armed forces. The king exercises his executive authority through the prime ministers and the Council of Ministers, or cabinet. Jordanians are eager to open their doors and welcome visitors to experience their hospitality, cultures and spectacular landscapes. You can walk through olive groves, visit wonderful mosques and follow the camel tracks of Lawrence of Arabia across the sands of Wadi Rum. This is a land where lifestyles that span millennia can co‑exist harmoniously. The hospitality found inside a Bedouin tent in the desert is equally genuine in the high‑tech luxury hotels and resorts.